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What is sports injury?

The term ‘Sports Injury’ connotes any type of injury to the musculoskeletal system, along with the bones, muscles, and/or cartilage when playing a sport or performing an exercise. Sports injury is commonly caused due to accidents while playing sports, bad form, and inadequate warm-ups and can be anything from a fracture, a sprain or dislocation of joints. Irrespective of the sports injury that you are looking to recover from, treatment can be carried out with the help of sports physiotherapy by a certified and experienced physiotherapist. Sports physiotherapy is also possible right from the comfort of your home, with some guidance on the prevention of further injuries and quick recovery.


Common kinds of sports injuries
Sports injuries happen all the time, especially in contact sports like football, basketball, cricket, and hockey etc. Some of the common sports injuries are:
  1. Sprains
    This results from a ligament tear in the muscles or tendons, which is generally caused due to the application of severe stress to a joint. The injury happens when a certain body part has been overused, forced, or suddenly stretched. The commonly affected areas are the wrists, ankles, and knees. The severity of the injury will depend on the extent of injury to a single ligament as well as the number of ligaments involved.
  2. Strains
    This type of sports injury occurs due to overuse, force, or stretching, causing damage to a muscle or a tendon. The severity of a strain can range from the simple overstretching of the muscle or tendon to a partial or complete tear. The common areas for a strain to occur are the lower back and the hamstring muscles. People who play contact sports like hockey, football, boxing, soccer, and wrestling are at a higher risk for strains. Additionally, other sports that need extensive gripping can increase the risk of hand and forearm strains, whereas elbow strains occur during sports like tennis, badminton, volleyball etc
  3. Tendon Injuries

    1. Tendonitis:
      This sports injury is most common among adults who perform a lot of sports activities, thus causing overuse and injury to a tendon. Tendonitis is characterized by inflammation in the affected tendons. Tendonitis often affects the wrist, fingers, elbows, and thighs.
    2. Tendinosis:
      This sports injury is a result of the overuse of a tendon. This condition usually occurs when the tendons start to degenerate or break down. A person suffering from tendinosis experiences stiffness in the joints, persistent pain, and inflammation in the affected area. Tendinosis most commonly occurs in the shoulder, elbow, hip, knee, and Achilles heel tendons.
    3. Tendinopathy:
      Tendinopathy is a general term for tendon damage caused by overuse, microtears, and collagen degeneration, evidenced by inflammation, pain, and weakness. Tendinopathy commonly affects the shoulder, elbow, wrist, hip, knee, and ankle.
  4. Joint injuries
    1. Knee injuries:
      This type of sports injury commonly occurs due to sudden movements like twisting, sharp and fast bending, hard landings, improper warm-ups and forceful extension. In this case, the damage is often caused to the cartilage or ligaments in and around the knee.
    2. Fracture
      Fracture can either be caused as a result of hard, sudden impact or repetitive stress to an affected bone over time, which is also known as a stress fracture.
    3. Dislocation
      Dislocations are the result of two bones, at a joint, getting displaced from each other. Those most at risk for this type of injury include people who participate in contact sports such as rugby, wrestling and martial arts. The commonly affected joints are the ankles, knees, shoulders, hips, elbows and jaw.
Prevention from a sports Injury
With proper guidance and precautions, sports injury prevention is possible. As an athlete, it is important to stay in touch with your sports physiotherapist, especially if it involves vigorous sports or exercises. You can ensure sports injury prevention by keeping the following points in mind.
- Create a fitness plan that includes cardio exercises, stretching, and strength to decrease the chance of injury. - Have an exercise day for each muscle group every day. - Warm up and cool down properly before and after exercise or playing sports. - Stay hydrated to prevent dehydration, heat exhaustion, and heat stroke. - Wear shoes that can support you for the sport that you play. The right shoes can also help in correcting foot problems that may lead to injury. - Rest when tired
Sports injury treatment at home
In case the sports injury sustained by you is a minor one, you can treat it at home to reduce the pain, swelling, and bruising. R.I.C.E the acronym for Rest, Ice, Compress and Elevate, is the most common technique used by sports trainers and athletes to treat a minor muscle injury. However, if the injury is severe like a joint or tendon injury, immediate medical attention is a must for sports injury treatment.

Physiotherapy for sports injury
Many sports injuries can be effectively treated, managed or prevented through physiotherapy. Physiotherapy rehabilitation techniques can facilitate quality repair of torn ligaments and muscle function and help you safely return to the sport faster. While the methods of rehabilitation may vary, one thing is clear; sports physiotherapy can prove to be highly instrumental in helping injured athletes regain their strength and pre-injury stamina and physical potential. Some of the benefits of regular sports physiotherapy include:
  • Enhanced tissue healing
  • Reduced degeneration of muscles & risk of injury
  • Increased joint health
  • Increased mobility & flexibility
  • Relief from muscle spasm
  • Strengthening of weakened muscles
  • Promotion of relaxation in body
  • Improved and enhance physical performance


Where to find physiotherapy for sports injury?
At HCAH, we have a team of highly qualified, experienced and certified sports physiotherapists who get to the source of the pain, correct it, and make sure that you stay symptom free! We also offer a range of other home physiotherapy treatment for conditions like back, neck, knee and shoulder pain, ACL surgery rehabilitation, and pulmonary and stroke rehabilitation among others. Using an outcome-based and patient-focused approach, we make sure you recover from sprains and dislocations of any kind much faster and hit optimum performance levels in the quickest timeframe. If you have any questions, feel free to get in touch with our expert team by calling 1800 102 4224 or book a home visit online.
What results you can expect from physiotherapy for a sports injury?
Depending on the type and severity of the injury, it can take anywhere between a number of weeks to a few months for one to completely recover. However, with the help of regular sports physiotherapy, one can easily restore complete physical strength, movement and pre-injury performance levels in a set timeframe. So if you are looking for a certified and trained sports physiotherapist to help you facilitate and assist you in the entire recovery process, you can get in touch with us on 1800 102 4224 (toll-free). Additionally, you can also search for sports injury physiotherapy near me to avail our world-class home based physiotherapy treatment.

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