Critically ill patients present a completely different set of challenges for both the doctors as well as the ones who are in charge of taking care of them. Such patients require constant monitoring, care and support to be able to get back to health. In such a situation, the role of critical care nursing becomes paramount to the patient’s health.
When the patient is admitted in an ICU, there is an entire team of specialised physicians, nurses, dietician, physiotherapist and other medical staff present to look after every need. Right from keeping an eye on the patient’s blood pressure, to measuring their temperature every 2-3 hours and from administering medicines to recoding their heart rate; everything is managed by the nursing staff inside the ICU to make sure there is no drop in the patient’s health and if they find something suspicious, report it immediately to the concerned doctor.
The role of critical care nursing staff, therefore becomes of utmost importance when it comes to helping a patient recover. But does that dynamic change when the similar treatment is being administered to a patient by a nursing staff member within the confines of the patient’s home?
Often times, critically ill patients are sent home on the request of the family members so that they can be taken care off by them. In such a scenario, the family members opt to take help of a professional home care nurse so that it can assess the patient’s health, take care of them 24×7 and if need be co-ordinate with the doctor on the progress being made by the patient.
Yes, home health care environment is absolutely different from that one would find in a hospital, but with professional help at disposal one can actually recover and feel better. Under the critical care of a professional, patients can learn to live with greater independence, have access to their loved ones any time of the day while achieving optimal level of well-being.
How is critical care nursing different from other nursing specialties?
Critical care nursing is a specialty focused only on the care of unstable, chronically ill or post-surgical patients and those who are at risk of life-threatening diseases and injuries.
Like other nursing specialties, critical care nurses have an understanding of human anatomy and physiology, they have sharp clinical assessment skills, vast knowledge about diseases and conditions, and education related to recommended ICU treatment options.
Critically ill patients often require frequent monitoring and assistance for failing organs. The critical care nurses are the masters in cardiopulmonary resuscitation techniques. They can use life-saving equipment such as cardioverters, defibrillators and mechanical ventilation.
They care for a broad range of patients including medical, surgical, neonatal, pediatric, neurology, cardiac, pulmonary, transplant, and trauma/burn to name a few.
Who requires critical care nursing at home?
Patients who are no longer in the critical phase of their illness but still need intensive care services and close monitoring. Critical care nursing assistants help patients transform from the hospital to home environment with ease and recover faster in the comfort and privacy of their home.
Their care areas include:
- Palliative care (chemotherapy, line dressing, terminal illness)
- Neurological patients
- Oncology patients
- Patients with serious illness or injuries
- Patients recovering from surgery
- General care (monitoring of vital signs)
- Wound care (stitch removal, bed sores, post-operative/diabetic wounds)
- Patients suffering from some kind of infection and who can be revived at home
- Nephro nursing care (dialysis at home, catheter management, monitoring of daily intake output chart)
Critical Care Nursing at Home
In today’s world, we are all busy with our own lives. And it becomes difficult to provide adequate care and attention towards the ailing in the family. The critical care nursing staff takes special care and becomes the best companion to the family in this difficult phase.
The critical care nursing staff at home helps in:
- Sanitizing the bedroom and other areas the patient would be using
- Installing medical equipment such as IV stand, para monitor, oxygen cylinder, suction apparatus to remove accumulated phlegm, alpha mattress for the bed, nebuliser, DVT pump to prevent deep vein thrombosis and a cardiac monitor to keep track of the vitals.
- A trained nurse also stays by the patient’s bedside around the clock to administer injections, give medicines and check on the daily progress.
Why is critical care nursing at home a good idea?
Complex care requires expert supervision and handling. Critical nursing care assistants are not only adept at helping patients return to their own home to recuperate after a serious injury, illness or surgery but also provide them all the support required for a comfortable and relaxed recovery. They can play a crucial role in:
- Smoothening the transition from hospital to home
- Helping the patient recover in familiar surroundings
- Taking care of the patient’s complex needs while helping them maintain their independence and daily routine
Role of Critical Care Nursing for ICU Patients
Nurses who specialize in critical care take special care of the patients.
- Critical care nursing staff have specialized skills and knowledge
- They are vigilant to protect patients from serious complications
- They spend the most time with the family and the patient
- They are well trained to handle any and every issue and provide the best care possible to the patients
- Taking care of their personal needs related to toileting, nutrition, personal care, and administration of medicines on time etc. among others
Critical care nursing staff also support family members through this difficult time.
Sometimes, people’s biggest fear is going back to the hospital. And all they need is the magic of home!
HealthCare atHOME provides expert ICU care with critical care nursing staff at home to avoid prolonged stay in a hospital after surgery. At HCAH, our certified nursing staff provides hospital like care, assistance and medical companionship to your loved ones. Supported by best-in-class devises and expertise, our critical care nursing staff provides continuous monitoring on vital parameters and ensure exceptional medical care within the comfort of the patient’s home. To know more about HCAH’s Critical Care Nursing services at HOME, you can visit: To know more about HCAH’s CancerCare atHOME, you can visit here – https://hcah.in/cancer-care-at-home/