Knowing your blood sugar numbers will determine how well you are managing your diabetes. After the initial diagnosis, there are several parameters to keep in check. At the end of the day, it also increases your awareness which ultimately makes way for better control over the disease.

What are the figures that you should know?

Your current weight, and your ideal weight, are just two of the diabetes health numbers that you need to know. Other important numbers that you need to know include your height, your blood pressure, and your cholesterol levels.

Essential Numbers to know for good diabetes health
A1C Blood Test

This figure helps you measure your average blood sugar (glucose) level over a period of two or three months. This helps you monitor how your treatment is progressing. Recommended A1C levels for most type 2 diabetes patients is below 7 percent.

Blood sugar level

You can keep a check on your condition by regularly self-checking and keeping a log of your blood sugar levels before and after meals. Diabetes management programs, like that of are an excellent way of letting you maintain records of your self-check results.

Blood pressure

The ideal blood pressure for a person suffering from diabetes should be below 130/80 mmHg. An elevated level may indicate possibility for heart diseases. Take any prescribed medicines on time, avoid high sodium foods, and get your blood pressure checked regularly to avoid serious complications.

Cholesterol level

If you have diabetes, your total blood cholesterol level should be below 200. The low-density lipoproteins (LDL) levels should be under 100, and the high-density lipoproteins (HDL) levels should be higher than 50 for women, and 40 for men. The triglyceride levels for both men and women should be under 150.

Weight & Waist

Type 2 diabetes is directly associated with obesity, and being overweight. That is why, being aware of your weight and waistline is very important for maintaining good diabetes health. Sometimes, losing a bit of weight can go a long way in minimising the risks associated with diabetes.

Microalbumin level

A microalbumin level above 30 indicates that your kidneys may have been affected by the diabetes. Doctors recommend a yearly test to check the level of protein in the urine, for patients with diabetes. This is treatable, when detected early on.

Body Mass Index (BMI)

Calculating your BMI is very important to know when you have diabetes. Being overweight or underweight can complicate your situation. Knowing your BMI can help you reach the ideal body weight.

Exercise Minutes

Regular exercise can help you maintain your diabetes health. It is best to start slow, from about 5 to 10 minutes per day, and go upto about 150 minutes in a week i.e. 30 minutes a day.

One must reach out to their healthcare provider for individualised goals. These are numbers that generally a diabetic should aim at.


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