Put simply, knee osteoarthritis is alternatively known as wear and tear arthritis. It occurs when damage occurs to the natural cushioning between the knee joints, known as cartilage. This causes friction between the bones of the knee resulting in pain and swelling in the tissues.

Causes of knee osteoarthritis

While osteoarthritis of the knee is primarily age-dependent, it is becoming increasingly common in a relatively younger age-group due to lack of nutritious diet and a stressful lifestyle. Otherwise, it is most commonly diagnosed in women above the age of 40 years, especially if they have had their menopause which causes excessive calcium deficiency and degradation of bones if not substituted with rich calcium diet. Other causes of knee osteoarthritis include:

  • Age is the primary factor as the cartilage gets disrupted due to continuous wear and tear.
  • Obesity or heavy weight of the person also puts excessive pressure on the knees – a major joint holding the entire body weight.
  • Excessive physical exertion and a high energy lifestyle also cause early damage to the knee joints.

knee osteoarthritis

Symptoms of knee osteoarthritis

The following symptoms will help you understand your situation better and get a correct diagnosis. You are suffering from osteoarthritis of the knee if:

  • You experience pain during the time you are moving or involved in any physical activity but the pain subsides if you take rest.
  • Swelling in and around the knee joint, going up to your ankle.
  • A warm sensation in the joint.
  • Tenderness around the knee cap area.
  • Difficulty in freely moving your leg due to knee stiffness if you’ve been in the same position for long.
  • Acute stiffness and difficulty in straightening your leg in the morning when you step out from the bed.
  • A creaking or cracking sound heard whenever the knee joint moves or bends.

Those with osteoarthritis of knee generally take prescription pain relievers and anti-inflammatory drugs along with steroid injections in severe cases of stiffness. Surgery for replacement of knee joint remains the last resort in the event that the joints have completely worn out.

Related posts  Knee Replacement - Surgery, Recovery, & Risks

Choosing physiotherapy for knee osteoarthritis

Since the stability of the knee joint becomes a concern, it is important to strengthen the joint muscles. This is possible only through focused exercises as part of physiotherapy in osteoarthritis of the knee. A rigorous therapy spanning over a planned duration, Physiotherapy in osteoarthritis of the knee is the most reliable and result oriented treatment therapy.

Expert physiotherapists customize the exercise regime for every patient. When all these services are made available in the comfort of patient’s home, they are able to recover better and faster, with visible results in routine movements. HealthCare atHOME is a team of trained experts following a systematic assessment and onboarding procedure to support better recovery and treatment right from the first day.

Say goodbye to suffering from physiotherapy in knee osteoarthritis by availing professional physiotherapy services in the comfort of your home.

To avail the same, you may reach out to us at 1800-102-4224.

Alternatively, you may contact us at our physiotherapy helpline 0120-6783277, and get a FREE telephonic consultation from our expert physiotherapists.


  1. Knee pain is the main cause of disability and reduced function in knee osteoarthritis. (KOA) There is emerging evidence that time variant risk factors-such as knee injury, buckling and mood- are associated with knee pain flares. https://goo.gl/xfT5QL. This study examines whether conventional time invariant risk factors for KOA and baseline pain felt by the patient are associated with KOA pain flares.


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