The basics of diabetes management includes achieving the weight which is right for you. One way to measure your right weight is by calculating your BMI or Body Mass Index.
Calculating your BMI
Where, weight is measured in kilograms and height is measured in meters.
For most adults aged 18 to 64, a BMI of 25 to 30 is overweight, and the ones with BMI over 30 are considered as obese. If you are overweight or obese, losing five to 10 per cent of your current body weight at a rate of one to two kilograms per month is a healthy goal.
Impact of obesity on diabetes
Obesity can lead to several comorbid conditions, including heart disease, diabetes, hypertension, gallbladder disease, osteoarthritis, sleep apnea and other breathing problems. It is a major contributor to type 2 diabetes epidemic as nearly 80% type 2 diabetics are considered overweight.
Also, excess weight, especially abdominal weight, causes insulin resistance which inhibits glucose utilization by muscles, increases accumulation of fats in the liver, and stimulates insulin secretion, which plays a significant role in the development of type 2 diabetes.
For effectively managing diabetes, changing one’s life-style plays an important role. Both, healthy eating and being active, the two self-care behaviors for reducing the impact of diabetes, help in achieving weight loss, and are used as a first-line treatment strategy for obese diabetic patients.
Maintaining the optimum weight
Often when people reach their optimum weight, they tend to give up on healthy lifestyle thinking that they are good for now, which leads to weight gain. Follow these tips for ensuring healthy weight:
As every coin has a flip side, a few diabetic medicines might cause weight gain
A diabetic is generally taking some form of medication or insulin. It might be medication to help manage your blood sugars along with a few medicines to keep blood pressure or cholesterol numbers in check. Some of these medications have side effects which make it difficult to reach your weight goal and can even lead to weight gain. To be more specific, these medications might:
- Jump-start your appetite, causing you to eat more than you usually might
- Slow your metabolism so that you burn fewer calories
- Affect how glucose is stored in the body, leading to increased fat storage
- Cause fluid retention
- Make you feel tired or sluggish, which can prevent you from being as active as you might like
If you feel that your medications are causing weight gain or curtailing your weight loss efforts, talk to your doctor, as alternative drugs to them can have the desired effect without affecting your weight. Additionally, make a point to be active. Physical activity can help you to manage your weight and boost your energy level (and your mood).