Cardiovascular disease is an umbrella term for diseases that occur due to irregular functioning of the heart. Some of these diseases include coronary heart disease, stroke, heart failure, and atrial fibrillation. Heart diseases also cause highest number of deaths worldwide. Around 17. 5 million people die each year from cardiovascular diseases and 80% of these deaths are due to either heart attacks or strokes. It is also important to notice that over 75% of CVD deaths occur in low-income and middle-income countries. However, these diseases can be preventable by following some simple lifestyle changes along with timely medical check-ups.

Here is a list of things you can do to avoid getting heart disease.

1. Quit Smoking

Besides causing lung cancer and breathing problems, smoking is also a leading reason behind the countless cases of heart diseases that rain over hospitals each year. So now is the time to bid adieu to those packs of cigarettes and to join a program that will help you to achieve this mission.

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2. Control High Blood Pressure

People suffering from hypertension should consult a doctor and take the appropriate medications. High blood pressure causes thickening of the heart muscles and ineffective muscle relaxation between heartbeats. This in turn increases the risk for heart failure. So take your pills regularly and decrease the intake of salt in your food and get a grip on your blood pressure.

3. Treat Obesity

It is not unknown that almost all heart related ailments stem from obesity. High levels of bad cholesterol in the blood can lead to formation of plaques in the arteries which can cause blockage and results in reduced supply of blood to the heart muscles. Work on yourself and get rid of those extra kilos and enjoy a healthy life.

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4. Manage Stress

Are you feeling burdened by the increasing work pressure? Is the demanding family life taking its toll on you? Commitments to day-to-day activities can make our lives stressful. Stress often leads to an emotional upheaval which disturbs our hormonal cycle and also increases blood pressure. Therefore, it is necessary to participate in activities that can release your stress.

5. Eat healthy

Heart disease is also a result of prolonged periods of unhealthy food consumption. Junk food have high levels of fats and cholesterol and their regular consumption can lead to obesity and high levels of blood cholesterol. So include green leafy vegetables and fresh fruits in your diet. Try to eat whole grains and limit your consumption of unhealthy fats.

These small changes can make some big difference in your life. So keep yourself healthy with these simple but significant heart-friendly tips.

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