Rehabilitation after a stroke starts immediately from the time the person is at a hospital to the time they spend at their home, post-release from the hospital. The first 5 to 6 weeks of stroke recovery are the most intensive because during this period:
- 10% of stroke survivors recover almost completely
- 25% recover with minor impairments
- 40% experience moderate to severe impairments requiring special care
Stroke recovery is an integrated effort that requires the support and cooperation of family and loved ones. Stroke affects everybody differently. Many stroke survivors continue to improve over a long time. Recovery from stroke involves making changes in the physical, social, and psychological aspects of your life. This includes making changes to prevent additional strokes as well as facilitate your life-long recovery.
Rehabilitation post a stroke is all about getting back to normal life and living as independent a life as possible. It involves taking an active approach to ensure that your life goes on. This can imply learning new skills or be relearning old ones. It may involve adapting to new limitations and post-stroke conditions.
Adopt a healthy lifestyle
- Stay away from smoking and being around smokers.
- Limit alcohol use to a minimum or completely stop.
- Stay at a healthy weight: Being obese or overweight makes it more likely for you to develop high blood pressure, diabetes and heart problems which will double chances of a stroke recurring.
- Perform activities that increase your heart rate. Get at least 30 minutes of exercise on most days of the week. For instance, walking is a good choice.
Prevent possible falls
Falls after a stroke are common due to poor balance and coordination. For daily assisted living it is advisable to have a home based nursing for specialized attention and monitoring.
Ways to help prevent falls are:
- Installing grab bars and handrails
- Adding non-slip mats to the bath area
- Working on core and balance exercises
Work on restoring mobility as soon as possible
A home-based physiotherapy and nursing care is an apt way to expedite recovery. Specialized clinical assistance for wound dressing, bedsores, daily assisted living, medicine administration, E-monitoring is more effective in managing post-stroke recovery process due to around the clock watch.
Use of medical equipment and assistive devices
Patients who suffer a stroke, often require the use of assistive devices. These may include EMG, AFO, DVD stockings, gaiter, suction apparatus, commode, air mattress, walker, sticks, both etc. They form an important part of rehab care since they are based on a patient’s condition and individual recovery goals. Nursing care and physiotherapy sessions involving equipment such as these, speed up recovery in such patients.
Stop depression before it hinders recovery
Post-stroke depression is a common sight with as many as 30-50 per cent of stroke survivors developing depression after release from the hospital. It can severely affect your loved one’s recovery and rehabilitation. Caregivers should be educated to spot the signs and motivate the stroke survivor to get through the tough phase.
Dealing with impaired speech
When a stroke affects the language centre of the brain, it can affect your ability to speak. This condition is known as aphasia, which a speech therapist can help treat.
If speech therapy isn’t working, then you can also try singing therapy. Surprisingly, although a stroke survivor cannot say their words, they can at times actually sing their words.
Keep your motivation up
The frustrations that inevitably accompany recovery can cause you to lose hope, which is why maintaining motivation is so important. Read inspirational quotes and self-help books to keep your spirits lifted. When you read positive words, your mind starts to generate the feeling of positivism. And the more you surround yourself with encouragement, the farther you will go.
Stroke care packages provided by HCAH provide you goal oriented services for optimal recovery Post Acute stroke treatment at Hospital ICU, hospital-like monitoring and treatment are handled by our home-based step-down package. Stroke survivors are then moved to recovery package. Gradually patients move to the assistance package to maintain independence routine activities. HCAH provides you and loved ones with a helping hand to battle through the stroke.
To avail comprehensive stroke rehabilitation services at the comfort of your home, reach out to us at 1800-102-4224.