The term ‘arthritis’ is derived from arthr which means joint and itis which means inflammation. A progressive condition, arthritis causes pain, stiffness, and inflammation in the joints and its surrounding areas. While more than 100 different types of arthritis and related joint disorders have been identified, the two most common are osteoarthritis (degenerative joint disorder) and rheumatoid arthritis. The disease becomes more common with age and can result in a decreased quality of life.
When performed regularly, yoga can significantly improve the overall health, mood, and quality of life and also prove beneficial in coping with the chronic pain related to arthritis.
Heat therapy can soothe stiff and aching joints by improving blood circulation. You could start the day with a warm shower or place a heating pad/ hot water bottle to reduce pain. Alternatively, cold therapy can reduce swelling and numb the pain by restricting the flow of blood vessels. You could either use a cold pack on the affected area or submerge the joint in ice cold water.
Excess weight causes pressure on the cartilage between the joints; making it more prone to breakdown. Taking out time for some physical activity to maintain a healthy weight can reduce the pressure and reduce pain and stiffness in the joints.
A good way to manage pain and stress, mindfulness meditation can improve the functioning of the immune system and help people suffering from rheumatoid arthritis. It helps the participants in channeling their attention and focusing on the present moment; thereby helping in dealing with symptoms such as early morning stiffness and joint pain.
Regular body massages can relieve pain by lowering the production of the stress hormone, cortisol in the human body. A moderate-pressure massage given by a trained physiotherapist is an important part of arthritis treatment.
Water-based exercises can relieve pressure on the joints while offering an interesting workout. Benefits of performing aquatic exercises regularly include reduced body fat, improved mood, improved coordination, improved range of motion and a better quality of life.
Working with a certified and an experienced physiotherapist has its own advantages as they examine, diagnose and treat or help prevent conditions that limit the body's ability to move and function in daily life. Physiotherapists also, teach you how to hold correct body posture while carrying out daily activities in order to improve, relieve or prevent pain.
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